The Estonian Parliament, at a meeting on Tuesday, May 3, will consider the proposal to withdraw signatures under the land and sea border agreements with the Russian Federation signed on February 18, 2014. The corresponding proposal was made by the opposition Conservative People’s Party of Estonia (EKRE).
“Upon completion of the occupation and restoration of independence, the territory of Estonia and the land border de jure on the basis of succession are restored as provided for in the Tartu Peace Treaty,” the explanatory note says.
The Tartu (Yurievsky) Peace Treaty between the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic (RSFSR) and Estonia (est. Tartu rahu) is an agreement concluded on February 2, 1920, in the Estonian city of Tartu (in the Russian version of the treaty, the city was called by the former name of Yuryev).
Under the treaty of the RSFSR, proceeding from the right of all peoples to free self-determination proclaimed by it, up to complete separation, unconditionally recognized the independence of the Estonian state, renounced all rights, including property, previously belonging to the Russian Empire. Estonia has pledged not to make any claims to Russia arising from the fact of its former stay in the country.
In particular, according to the Tartu (Yuriev) Peace Treaty of 1920, the RSFSR transferred part of the territories of the Leningrad and Pskov regions to Estonia when it became an independent state. In 1940, Estonia became part of the Soviet Union and the document, from the point of view of Russia, lost its force, since Estonia ceased to be a subject of international law.
Estonia and Russia currently do not have a legally formalized border. In 2005, after more than 10 years of negotiations, a border agreement was signed in Moscow. However, when it was ratified, the Estonian side included in the preamble a reference to the validity of the Tartu Peace Treaty of 1920, on the basis of which the pre-war border was held.
The Russian Foreign Ministry considers the Treaty of Tartu to be historical and invalid. As a result, Russia withdrew its signature and invited Tallinn to start new negotiations to develop a new document.
On March 9, speaking in Parliament, the Estonian Foreign Minister, Eva-Maria Liimets, said that after the start of the special operation in Ukraine, the conclusion of land and sea border agreements is no longer of primary importance for Estonia.
Update: The Estonian Parliament refused to support the initiative to withdraw signatures under the border treaties with Russia. The majority (53 out of 101 deputies) spoke out against the initiative, with only 28 people supported it.