The primer of the language of the forest Yukagirs will be published for the first time in 2021 with the support of the authorities of Yakutia, TASS reports with reference to the director of the Federal Institute of Native Languages of the Peoples of the Russian Federation, Professor Larisa Marsheva. Marsheva clarified that this language is endangered, that is why linguists call it “sleeping language”. It is taught by only 29 schoolchildren.
It is specified that there are 45 indigenous small-numbered peoples in Russia, 40 of which belong to the indigenous small-numbered peoples of the North, Siberia, and the Far East. All these peoples inhabit the territories of traditional residence and traditional economic activities of their ancestors, striving to preserve their original way of life.
The Yukaghirs are an East Siberian people, settled mainly in the Kolyma River basin on the territory of Yakutia, Chukotka, and the Magadan Region. Yukaghirs are divided into tundra and forest ones and differ in language, culture, and economic structure. According to UNESCO, the Yukaghir language is considered to be endangered, due to the assimilation of its speakers.
According to Marsheva, the problem of educational methodology is most relevant for the Veps, Dolgan, Ket, Nganasan, Nenets, Enets, Selkup, and Negidal languages. She noted that there are no textbooks for these languages and for some of them, there is not even a primer; the creation of the primers and other textbooks for learning these languages will allow schools to conduct lessons using these educational materials.