Every year on February 8, the Russian scientific community celebrates its professional holiday, the Day of Russian Science, established by the decree of the President of the Russian Federation in 1999.
It was on this day in 1724 that the Academy of Sciences was founded in Russia by decree of the governing Senate by order of Peter the Great. In 1925, it was renamed the Academy of Sciences of the USSR, and in 1991, the Russian Academy of Sciences.
On June 7, 1999, the decree of the President of the Russian Federation established the Day of Russian Science with the date of celebration on February 8. The document says that the holiday was established “taking into account the outstanding role of Russian science in the development of the state and society, following historical traditions and in commemoration of the 275th anniversary of the founding of the Academy of Sciences in Russia.”
Mikhail Lomonosov, Dmitry Mendeleyev, Ilya Mechnikov, Pyotr Kapitsa, Lev Landau, Igor Kurchatov, Sergey Korolev – these are only few names of the prominent Russian scientists who have contributed to world science and are well-known all around the globe.