Among Russians, there are more of those who see their country as a leader in technological development (21 per cent) than those who believe that the country lags behind others (17 per cent), according to experts from the All-Russian Public Opinion Foundation (FOM). The majority of Russians are sure that the country is at the middle stage in terms of technological development (53 per cent).
According to the respondents, in order to keep the leadership position in terms of technological development, it is necessary, first of all, to raise the country’s economy, develop industry, agriculture, and provide people with jobs (10 per cent). Also, Russians believe that the country’s government needs to improve the quality of education at all levels, make it more accessible and free (9 per cent).
There is also a popular opinion that in order to maintain and accelerate the rate of technological development of the country, it is necessary to retain scientific personnel, create suitable conditions for them, raise wages and stop the “brain drain” abroad (9 per cent). Other respondents advised to invest in science, scientific development, and develop it more (9 per cent).
In turn, 6 per cent of Russians are sure that it is enough to continue to keep the general development and just “work better”. In addition, 5 per cent think that a government change would help in the development of technologies in the country, 4 per cent believe that it is worth taking more care of people and fighting corruption, 3 per cent – to pay more attention to youth, educating new scientific personnel, and create conditions for the development of talents, and 2 per cent – to pursue a tougher foreign policy, to defend national interests more firmly, to develop the country more than to help other countries, and also to implement scientific developments in life more (1 per cent).
It is interesting that the majority of Russians (53 per cent) consider themselves to be people who quickly and easily master technological innovations. A third of respondents (37 per cent) admit that it takes a lot of time and effort to keep up with technological progress, and 10 per cent of respondents found it difficult to give an exact answer to this question.
In addition, the experts found that Russians remain quite positive about technological progress. Most of them (68 per cent) believe that new technologies can never completely replace human labour (versus 26 per cent of those who believe that robots will take away jobs from most people in the future). Moreover, Russians (61 per cent) would not like to live in a society in which a person decides for himself whether to work or not, since the need for work will disappear, and 66 per cent of respondents do not even believe that the existence of such a society is possible.