Specialists from the All-Russian Public Opinion Research Centre (VTsIOM) conducted a survey among Russians dedicated to Cosmonautics Day and found out what country’s residents know about the achievements of their compatriots in the space industry.
According to the results of the study, the majority of Russians (69 per cent) know when the first manned flight into space took place. The name of the first cosmonaut, Yuri Gagarin, is known by the absolute majority of the country’s inhabitants (97 per cent). It is noted that this share hardly changes regardless of both gender or age of the respondents and their place of residence (96-100 per cent).
According to 91 per cent of respondents, Russia should take part in space explorations. Young respondents of 18-24 years old less often answer this way (84 per cent). Despite the difficult economic conditions, Russia should not cut budget spending on space programmes, claim 75 per cent of Russians, and every fourth respondent even proposes to increase these spendings (25 per cent in total and 30 per cent of residents of the capitals, Moscow and St. Petersburg).
For 16 years, the main goal of Russia’s participation in space exploration has been the development of science and high technologies, according to the respondents (51 per cent). The second, in the opinion of Russians, but not less important, is to ensure the country’s defence capability (40 per cent). Also quite necessary is the opportunity for the development of the aerospace industry and job creation (22 per cent).