A list of the most unusual residential buildings in the capital of Russia built over the past hundred years has been published on the Moscow Mayor’s official website. The list included more than a dozen houses and is dedicated to the end of the restoration of the first residential building in the city, the house of the People’s Commissariat of Finance.
In the mid-1960s, the experiments began with the construction of 9-story houses raised above the ground. From the 1960s to 2011, 6 high-rise buildings appeared in Moscow, raised above the ground on massive reinforced concrete piles. In the northern latitudes, such a design was used to protect against permafrost or floods, but in Moscow, it performed an artistic function. Muscovites call these buildings “legged houses” or “centipedes”. The most famous of them are house 184 and building 2 on Mira Avenue, as well as house 34 on Begovaya Street.
Another experiment with Soviet-type panels was undertaken by Soviet architect, Evgeny Stamo, and engineer Alexander Markelov. By connecting the panels at an angle of about 6 degrees, they designed ring houses with a diameter of 155 metres. Two such houses were built in Moscow, on the streets Dovzhenko (house 6) and Nezhinskaya (house 13). Each of them has 26 entrances and more than 900 flats. The courtyards resemble city parks hidden behind 9-story walls and are comparable in size to football fields.
The Roman house is located at 2nd Cossack Lane, building 4, building 1. The house in the style of classicism was built in 2005 according to the project of modern architect Mikhail Filippov. The semicircular structure with massive columns, small balconies, and porticoes surrounds a courtyard typical of Roman imperial architecture. In the centre of the ensemble is a round lawn, on which there are benches and sculptures resembling the ruins of Ancient Rome.
The house on Tulskaya Street stretches for 400 metres and has many nicknames, the most popular of which are the ship house and the Titanic. In the 1980s, the territory around it had not yet been built up, so then the house resembled a liner floating on the sea. The building was ordered by the Ministry which was engaged in the nuclear industry. That is why the facades and ends of the house are located at angles of 87 and 93 degrees relative to each other, which increases the earthquake resistance of the building, and according to legend, the house is able to withstand an earthquake or nuclear explosion.
The giant “sail” on Grizodubova Street (Building 2) was designed by a team of architects. Initially, they did not plan to give it a drop shape, however, in terms of development, a school and a stadium appeared next to it, so there was a possibility that a 22-storey building would block their sunlight. That is why it was decided to change the number of storeys in the cascade. The house which Muscovites usually call a drop, a wave, a whale, a palette, a snail, and even an ear, was highly praised by architectural critics, and in 2008 received the House of the Year award.
More residential buildings that are of architectural and historical value for the country can be seen on the city mayor’s official website.
Ru-Main, 13.07.2020, Pictures: Moscow Mayor Official Website