World’s Most Powerful Nuclear Missile Being Prepared for Tests in Russia

Named after the Sarmatian people of ancient times who populated the Eurasian Steppe, the RS-28 Sarmat (also known abroad as Satan-2) is Russia’s next-generation nuclear-capable and multiple independent reentry vehicle equipped with the super-heavy intercontinental ballistic missile, designed to ensure Russian parity with the US and its allies for decades to come.

Picture: The Russian RS-28 “Sarmat” ground-based missile system with the “Sarmat” heavy liquid intercontinental ballistic missile; VPK 

Russia’s Sarmat is being prepared for new tests, Roscosmos chief, Dmitry Rogozin, has announced.

“The most powerful global-range nuclear missile in the world is being prepared for new testing and serial production,” Rogozin wrote in a Telegram post on Tuesday, July 12.

The Russian space agency chief accompanied the post with a photo of himself and other Roscosmos officials and rocket engineers standing alongside a Sarmat being transported by railroad car to an undisclosed location.

As reminded, Russia’s President, Vladimir Putin, announced last month that the country’s nuclear forces would be receiving their first batch of Sarmats by the end of 2022. In total, Roscosmos plans to build a total of 46 of intercontinental ballistic missiles.

The first successful test launch of the missile, which can change trajectory and maneuver while in flight to evade complex missile defenses, was conducted in April.

The Sarmat has been under development since the late 2000s, with the Makeyev Rocket Design Bureau tasked with creating a new nuclear-capable and MIRV-equipped rocket to eventually replace the Soviet-designed RS-36M2 Voevoda ICBMs (NATO reporting name “SS-18 Satan”) which currently provide Russia with strategic parity with the US and its allies France and Britain. However, the new missile is about to change parity to superiority.

Picture: Comparison of the ‘Sarmat’ and LGM-30 ballistic intercontinental missiles. The starting weight, the type, number and power of combat units, as well as service life are compared; LIFE

Along with its maneuverability characteristics and in addition to its ability to carry 10-15 traditional nuclear reentry vehicles, the 208-ton missile is designed to carry Avangard hypersonic glide vehicles, adding to its evasive and strike characteristics.

Creation of nuclear weapons regulation

The Sarmat is one of several new strategic weapons systems created by Russian military designs bureaus since the US’ fateful 2002 decision to rip up the 1972 Anti-Ballistic Missile Treaty, which set prohibitions on the creation of advanced missile defenses to ensure that the nuclear superpowers enjoyed strategic parity.

Russia’s development of a new generation of strategic strike weapons has also been tied in part to Pentagon planners’ work on a concept known as “Prompt Global Strike” – the idea of decapitating Russia’s leadership and nuclear potential using a massed precision-guided conventional missile attack, and shooting down whatever Russian nuclear missiles manage to be launched using a new generation of missile defense systems.

It is specified that Russia’s nuclear doctrine forbids the use of nuclear weapons for aggressive purposes, with such weapons authorized for use only in the event of an enemy nuclear strike, or an act of conventional aggression so severe that it is deemed to threaten the existence of the Russian state.

Thus, the creation of weapons like the Sarmat and the Avangard is meant to assure that no matter what missile defense systems an adversary creates, some nukes will get through, thereby discouraging the folly of initiating a “Prompt Global Strike”-style attack against Russia in the first place.

Ru-Main, 13.07.2022 
Source: Sputnik 

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